The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot:
At the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession in 1701 King William III ordered Viscount Charlemont to form a new Regiment in Ireland. The following year Charlemont's Regiment was picked to become one of six infantry regiments designated for Sea Service, which meant that it could be called upon to act in a Marine role should the occassion warrant it. This order came into effect and the Regiment under their Colonel, Lord Charlemeont, left for Spain on board His Majesty's Ships Grey, Ruth and Friendship.
However this was to a short lived affair and it was to be a further three years before the Regiment again returned to Spain, this time under the leadership of the enigmatic Earl of Peterborough. During the capture of the Fortress of Montjuich, which in turn led to the successful conclusion to the siege of Barcelona, the Regiment fought admirably and Lord Charlemont was subsequently presented to the King of Spain who thanked him warmly for his part in the success. However at a later stage in the campaign, disaster struck the Regiment when at the Battle of Almanza Peterborough's erratic leadership led to Charlemont's Regiment being virtually annihilated.
In 1746 the 36th Regiment played a small part in the Battle of Culloden before embarking upon a campaign in Flanders.
The Regiment acquitted itself well in an expedition that was generally unsuccessful. It is possible that the origin of the Regimental Motto 'FIRM' may stem from this campaign, for it is thought that the 36th, by dint of their steadfast performance during the rearguard action at Lauffeld, may have had this motto conferred upon them by Field Marshal Lord Stair whose own family motto it was.
CHANGE OF TITLE
In 1782 individual Regiments began to be linked territorially to counties and the 36th Regiment of Foot was linked to Herefordshire becoming the 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot.
Between 1783 and 1793 the Regiment served in India as part of the force that was sent to oppose the ambitious Tippoo Singh. However, due to the vast forces confronting them this proved to be no easy affair. Nevertheless, after major successes at Nundydoorg and Pondicherry, Tippoo Sing was eventually brought to heel and later king William IV authorised the 36th to bear the word "Hindoostan" on its Colours.
In 1808 the 36th landed in Portugal with the expeditionary force under Sir Arthur Wellesley and took part in the Battles of Rolica and Vimiera. The Regiment's gallantry at Vimiera was particularly noticed by Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Wellesley, who wrote in a letter Castlereagh, that "the Thirty Sixth Regiment is an example to the Army".
After participating in the retreat to Corrunna, under Sir John Moore in 1808/1809, the Regiment returned to England. However, in 1811 the Regiment returned to the Peninsula and there remained under The Duke of Wellington's command until the fall of Toulouse in 1814, amassing ten battle honours during the course of the campaign.